hvac/r doe regulations. department of energy.
2023 DOE Regulations Are On The Way
SEER Ratings are increasing and testing measures are changing. You May Have Questions. We Have You Covered with Answers.

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What’s Changing and New Requirements

New regional minimum efficiency requirements are taking effect

The big picture

The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) has mandated new energy efficiency requirements for all newly manufactured residential and commercial air conditioners and heat pumps, which will take effect on January 1, 2023. Alongside the new efficiency requirements are more stringent testing requirements for all residential and 3-5 ton light commercial, single-phase equipment manufactured on or after January 1, 2023.

NEW REGULATIONS APPLY TO:
  • Air Conditioner Condensing Units
  • Heat Pumps
  • Single Packaged Units
  • Evaporator Coils
  • Gas Furnaces
2023 HVAC/R DOE regulations. US agency guidelines.

Are you 2023 Ready ?

The new regulations are part of the DOE's ongoing initiative to reduce overall energy consumption in the US. What will these new changes mean for the industry?

7-8% increase from current minimum SEER ratings

New ratings nomenclature - SEER2, EER2, HSPF2

New Equipment Test Procedures

What you need to know

Transitioning to 2023 requirements may seem like a challenge, but we believe preparation and planning can help ease the transition and minimize any disruptions to your business. Baker Distributing Company is here to help you understand and prepare. What do these changes mean for you and your business?

Non-Compliance Penalties & Fines

Dealers and contractors who install non-compliant equipment will be required to replace the equipment and face fines of up to $504 per unit, per day.

Training and Compliance

Train your technicians now on the new standards and how to be in compliance.

Scale Down Current Inventory

Scale down current inventory now to prepare for the new regulations and product launches.

New Standards are Coming

2023 HVAC/R DOE regulations. doe new efficiency increase.

Increasing SEER Rating Minimums

The increased SEER rating minimums represent a 7-10% increase over previous minimums and are forecasted to save 300 million KWH of power over 30 years. Totaling approx. $38 billion in utility cost savings.

With these changes, 70% of current equipment does not meet minimum standards and all equipment will require re-testing with the new 2023 standards. Some previous standard equipment may NOT be sold on or after January 1st 2023.

New M1 Efficiency Testing Standards Method

Energy efficiency testing standards will use a new M1 testing method to better represent actual field conditions and will be reflected in new SEER2, EER2, and HSPF2 ratings. Since the new M1 testing requirements are more stringent and reduce the resulting efficiency rating, in 2023, there will be new metrics and nomenclature – SEER2, EER2 and HSPF2.

2023 HVAC/R DOE regulations. doe new efficiency standards chart.
2023 HVAC/R DOE regulations. doe new efficiency standards chart.
 

Prepare for the Future

THE DETAILS

In 2023, the DOE-adjusted minimums for both residential split air conditioners and heat pumps will take effect:

AIR CONDITIONERS
  • Split air conditioners installed in northern climates must achieve a 14.0 SEER rating (up from 13.0 SEER)
  • In the southeast and southwest regions must achieve a 15.0 SEER* rating (up from 14.0 SEER)
  • Both measurements can be reached using current (pre-2023) SEER test procedures
HEAT PUMPS
  • Split heat pumps, regardless of location, must achieve a minimum efficiency of 15.0 SEER (up from 14.0 SEER)

Regional Efficiency Standards

2023 Residential Minimum Standards

Below are the future minimum efficiency standards for Split Air Conditioners, Split Heat Pumps and Packaged Units effective January 1, 2023.

#

Southeast

Supersedes federal minimum for split and package air conditioners. Compliance is based on date of installation.

Including the following states: Alabama, Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Hawaii, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maryland, Mississippi, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Virginia, and District of Columbia, US Territories

Southwest

Supersedes federal minimum for split and package air conditioners. Compliance is based on date of installation.

Including the following states: Arizona, California, Nevada and New Mexico

North

Compliance based on date of manufacture Applies nationally unless superseded by regional standard in Southwest and Southeast. Applies to all split and packaged heat pumps nationally.

  Tonnage Southeast Southwest North
Residential Air Conditioners < 3.5 Tons 15 SEER 15 SEER 14 SEER
≥ 3.5 Tons 14.5 SEER 14.5 SEER 14 SEER
Heat Pumps   15 SEER 15 SEER 15 SEER
Package AC   14 SEER 14 SEER 14 SEER
Package Heat Pump   14 SEER 14 SEER 14 SEER

Effective Dates: 1/1/2023 and after

Sell-through deadlines vary by product line and region.

Product Type Region Governing Date for Change
Split A/C North Date of Manufacture
  Southeast Date of Installation
  Southwest Date of Installation
Split HP All Date of Manufacture
Package AC North/Southeast Date of Manufacture
  Southwest Date of Installation
Package HP All Date of Manufacture
Articles & Information

SEER Rating Changes For 2023

Beginning in 2023, all new residential central air-conditioning and air-source heat pump systems sold in the United States will be required to meet new minimum energy efficiency standards.

The new standards continue to set different cooling efficiency levels for air conditioners in the south, and they also require an increase in the heating efficiency of all air-source heat pumps…Read More

2023 HVAC/R DOE regulations. hvac seer ratings changes for 2023.

SEER Testing Procedure Changes For 2023

One of the biggest changes coming in 2023 isn’t just the SEER adjustment, but how SEER ratings are tested.

The rating designations will be transitioning from SEER / EER / HSPF to SEER2 / EER2 / HSPF2…Read More

2023 HVAC/R DOE regulations. hvac seer testing changes for 2023.

Baker Distributing DOE Regulations Policy Change

Baker Distributing is working diligently to provide our customers a smooth transition.

We have begun the process of phasing out all 2023 non-compliant air conditioner system models to ensure remaining 2022 installations meet the new DOE regulations. With these changes, we will be putting new procedures and policies in place to ensure compliance and allow a seamless conversion…Read More

baker doe regulation policy change

2023 DOE FAQs

Have questions? Baker has the answers.

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SEER Testing Procedures and Rating Changes For 2023

One of the biggest changes coming in 2023 isn’t just the SEER adjustment, but how SEER ratings are tested.

The rating designations will be transitioning from SEER / EER / HSPF to SEER2 / EER2 / HSPF2.

Why? The current SEER testing doesn’t represent the impact ductwork and external static pressure have on HVAC systems. The testing changes are meant to reflect real life field conditions more accurately. M1 testing procedures will increase the systems’ external static pressure from current SEER (0.1 in of water) to SEER2 (0.5 in. of water).

Key Changes

  • Minimum Air Handler Static Pressure
  • Fan Power for Coil-Only Units
  • Heating Load Calculation
  • Heating Mode Test
  • Variable Speed Factor for SEER2
  • Off-Mode Power Test
  • Full DOE Testing Procedures

Minimum Energy Efficiency of AC / HP Increasing in 2023

Residential Central Air Conditioners (CAC)

Products Under 3.5 Tons:

  • North = 14 SEER
  • Southeast and Southwest = 15 SEER

Products Over 3.5 Tons:

  • North = 14 SEER
  • Southeast and Southwest = 14.5 SEER

Heat Pumps: 15 SEER